online resource for auto, truck or motorcycle insurance.
of Automotive Terms
Air Filtration System
that cleans smog, pollen, exhaust, smoke and odors out of the air.
Cleans both interior circulated air and that coming from the
braking system that senses when any of the wheels have locked up,
or are about to, and automatically reduces the braking forces to
keep the wheels rolling. Commonly called ABS, such a system can
control all four wheels or only two.
fuel system component that meters the fuel and air and supplies the
proper amounts of both to the engine. The part of the engine that
handles the job of changing ratios or air and fuel mixture within an
engine to meet different operating conditions (e.g. heat or
general term that refers to all of the mechanical parts of a car
attached to a structural frame. In cars with unitized construction,
the chassis comprises everything but the body of the car.
shaft with one or more cranks, or "throws," that are
coupled by connecting rods to the engine's pistons. Together, the
crankshaft and the con rods transform the pistons' reciprocating
motion into rotary motion.
system of exhausting the burned gases from an internal-combustion
engine consisting of piping or tubing, silencers, and, at times,
system that actively steers the rear wheels as well as the fronts to
improve handling and maneuverability.
system that meters fuel to an engine by measuring its needs and then
regulating the fuel flow, by electronic or mechanical means, through
a pump and injectors. Throttle-body injection locates the
injector(s) centrally in the throttle-body housing, while
port injection allocates at least one injector for each cylinder
near its intake port.
common unit of measurement of an engine's power. One horsepower
equals 550 foot-pounds per second, the power needed to lift 550
pounds one foot off the ground in one second: or one pound 550 feet
up in the same time.
suspension in which the camber of a wheel is not directly affected
by the vertical motion of the opposite wheel.
in an engine block that support the crankshaft.
oil pan is a bath-shaped reservoir located under the crankcase or
cylinder block of an engine. The oil is stored in the oil pan when
the vehicle is not running. When the engine is in operation, the oil
is cooled in the oil pan. The oil pump pick-up (much like a vacuum
cleaner head) is submerged in the oil pan, and when you start up
your car, the pump distributes the oil throughout the engine.
device that converts motion into heat, usually by forcing oil
through small internal passages in a tubular housing. Used primarily
to dampen suspension oscillations, shock absorbers respond to
motion; their effects, therefore, are most obvious in transient
spark plug converts high voltage energy into an arc that passes
between its electrodes. The arc causes the gasoline-air mixture in
the cylinder to ignite and expand, providing power by pushing down
gearbox with a number of selectable ratios, used to match the
engine's rpm and torque to differing vehicle requirements.
Car's Mechanical Condition
Basic Problems -a handy little checklist covering an area
of potential problems.
Unusual Odors From Your Vehicle
-Do a little detective
nose work on your car!
That Strange Noise? Common Noises and What They May Mean
-what are your ears telling you?
Drip, Drip. Diagnosing Your Car's Leaks -Red,
Clear, Black, or Green. What does it all mean?
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